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Body Shape 60 Tablets




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Products Information

Body Shape is a combination of natural herbs and nutrients that assist with
weight management and control of fat metabolism. This synergistic blend of
ingredients is beneficial for suppressing appetite, increasing energy levels and
providing support for a healthy lifestyle.


Adults – Take 1-3 Body Shape tablets three times daily, one hour before
meals, with a glass of water, or as professionally recommended. Body Shape is best used in conjunction with an exercise regime, balanced
calorie-conscious diet and 6-8 glasses of water daily.


Hoodia cactus 2000mg
Brindleberry 2000mg
(Providing HCA 300mg)
Citrus aurantium 1000mg
Guarana 200mg
Gymnema 125mg
Green tea 125mg
Ginger 65mg
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 50mg
Carnitine Tartrate 50mg
Cayenne 25mg
5-HTP 5mg
Piperine (black pepper extract) 5mg
This product contains tableting aids and coating colour. Some herbal extracts

What is Body Shape?

Hoodia is a succulent plant that looks like a cactus. It is native to the Kalahari
Desert in the southern tip of Africa, principally in the nations of South Africa
and Namibia. The San people, native to the Kalahari Desert, have used
hoodia for millennia to suppress appetite for food and water and to increase
A number of studies have been conducted at a South African government
agency, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to identify
the extracts from Hoodia species as possessing appetite-suppressing
properties. Van Heerden F.R. et al isolated two pregnane glycosides by
fractionation of the dried stems of Hoodia species on the basis of
spectroscopic studies and conversion to known compounds.
One of the compound, with structure as 3beta-[beta-D-thevetopyranosyl-(1--
>4)-beta-D- cymaropyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-cymaropyranosyloxy]-12betatigloyloxy-
14beta-hydroxypregn-5-en-20-one, was tested for its appetite
suppressant properties in rats by oral gavage. The results showed that all
doses resulted in a decrease of food consumption over an eight-day period
and a body mass decrease when compared to the control sample.
In a comparative study against a fenfluramine (an anti-obesity medication)
control sample, this compound from Hoodia resulted in a reduction in food
intake over the study period, with a concomitant overall decrease in body
weight while fenfluramine resulted in a small decrease in food intake, but an
increase in body weight over the same period of time.
This finding shows that pregnane glycosides from Hoodia species may
possess appetite-suppressing properties which are beneficial for individuals
wishing to have a control of their food intake as well as their body mass.

Brindleberry, also called garcinia and Malabar tamarind, is a little pumpkinshaped
fruit that has been used as a condiment in dishes such as curry. It
contains Hydroxycitric Acid (HCA), which has a chemical structure similar to
that of citric acid, the primary acid in citrus fruits.
The effect of short-term administration of HCA on adipose tissue and body
weight was studied in obese women in Thailand. Fifty obese women with a
body mass index over 25 kg/m2 were randomly allocated into two groups, with
25 in each group. Group 1 received HCA, while Group 2 received placebo. All
subjects were recommended a similar diet with 1000 Kcal/day. The trial lasted
for 2 months.
Group 1 lost significantly more weight and at a greater rate than Group 2
throughout the study. The decrease in their body weight was due to a loss of
fat storage as evidenced by a significant decrease in the triceps skin fold
thickness. This study suggested that HCA was an effective aid for weight
management on a short-term basis.

Citrus aurantium (CA), commonly known as bitter orange and seville orange,
is used similarly in a wide variety of traditions. The peel of the fruit is used for
stomachaches and high blood pressure. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the
peel of the immature fruit is used for indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation,
and dysenteric diarrhoea. CA continues to be widely used for insomnia and
indigestion in many parts of the world.
In Canada, a study was carried out to determine whether adrenergic amines
extracted from CA induce an increase in metabolic rate and enhance the
thermic response to the meal. In 30 healthy weight-stable subjects, body
composition was determined by bio-impedance analysis followed by resting
energy expenditure for 20 minutes. The thermic effect of food (TEF) is the
increment in energy expenditure above resting metabolic rate due to the cost
of processing food for storage and use. TEF of a 1.7-MJ, 30-gram protein
meal was determined intermittently for 300 minutes by indirect calorimetry. In
a subset of 22 subjects, the TEFs of CA alone and when added to the same
meal were determined.
The thermic response to CA alone was higher in men than in women. When
added to the meal, CA increased TEF in women and to values similar to men.
The result demonstrated that CA increased TEF in men and women, alone
and when added to a meal. This also indicates that CA may raise the
metabolic rate, which aids in burning the calories and weight control.

Guarana has been used by the indigenous people of the Amazon rain forest
as a beverage and a medicine. It was used for diarrhoea, decreasing fatigue,
reducing hunger, and aiding arthritis. It also has a history of use for those with
hangovers from alcohol abuse and headaches related to menstruation. The
primary active constituent in guarana is caffeine with its well-known effects
that include stimulating the central nervous system, increasing metabolic rate,
and having a mild diuretic effect.
Dulloo A.G. et al from University of London investigated the influence of
caffeine consumption on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure (EE) in
lean and post-obese human volunteers. Single-dose oral administration of
100 mg caffeine increased the resting metabolic rate of both lean and postobese human volunteers over 150 minutes. It also improved the defective
diet-induced thermogenesis observed in the post-obese subjects.
Measurements of EE in a room respirometer indicated that repeated caffeine
administration at 2-hour intervals over a 12-hour day period increased the EE
of both subject groups during that period. The net effect was a significant
increase in daily EE in the lean volunteers and post-obese subjects. Caffeine
at commonly consumed doses can have a significant influence on energy
balance and may promote thermogenesis in the treatment of obesity.
A Japanese study was conducted to clarify whether there were any
differences in basal metabolic rate (BMR) and thermogenic response to
caffeine in individual obese women, and if so, whether such differences
affected weight loss. The basal and resting metabolic rates at 30 minutes after
a caffeine-loading test were measured in 136 obese women and 10 lean agematched
controls. The obese subjects were then asked to follow a combined
low calorie diet and exercise regimen.
The results showed that the BMR and the thermogenic responses to caffeine
varied widely in obese subjects. After two months of caffeine treatment, the
body weight and percentage body fat in obese women were significantly
reduced. There were significant correlations between the BMR and body
weight loss, between BMR/lean body mass and body weight loss and
between the thermogenic response to caffeine and body weight loss.
These two studies suggest that caffeine may be beneficial for increasing the
energy expenditure, promoting thermogenesis, and reducing body weight.

Gymnema has been used in Traditional Indian Medicine as a treatment of
type 1 and type 2 diabetes for over 2,000 years. The leaves were also used
for stomach ailments, constipation, water retention, and liver disease.
Luo H. et al found out that gymnemate extracted from Gymnema sylvestre,
inhibited oleic acid absorption. They carried out another study to search for an
obesity control method without rebound. The effect of gymnemate on obesity
was investigated in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat, a
genetic multifactor syndrome model, which exhibited progressive overweight,
hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.
The OLETF rats were divided into three groups. The first group was supplied
with gymnemate and water for 2 weeks from 26-28 weeks, and following it
general diet and water for 3 weeks to observe if it rebound. The second group
was OLETF-control and the third group was the counterpart Long-Evans
Tokushima Otsuka rats as normal-control.
With gymnemate treatment, the food and water intake were decreased about
a third and two thirds, along with body weight reduced during the first and
second weeks respectively. In the end of experiment, which was 3 weeks
after gymnemate withdrawal, the body weight was decreased to no significant difference with normal-control. The total cholesterol was decreased about a
third; moreover LDL+VLDL cholesterol decreased about half. The proportion
of HDL cholesterol to the total cholesterol was increased. The serum
triglyceride was decreased to a quarter of OLETF control. The level of serum
cholesterol and triglyceride was no significant difference in gymnemate group
with normal group.
This study showed that supplementation with gymnemate promoted weight
loss by its ability to reduce hyperlipidemia, which was no withdrawal rebound.
This was an important discovery as supplementation with gymnemate could
be a novel valuable tool for weight management, especially in multifactor

Green tea has been used both as a social and a medicinal beverage. Unlike
black and oolong tea, it is not fermented and thus the active constituents
remain unaltered in the tea. Traditional Chinese Medicine has recommended
green tea for headaches, body aches and pains, digestion, depression,
immune enhancement, detoxification, as an energiser and to prolong life.
By virtue of its high content of caffeine and catechin polyphenols, green tea
extract was studied to determine whether it could increase 24-hour energy
expenditure (EE) and fat oxidation in humans. 24-hour EE, the respiratory
quotient (RQ), and the urinary excretion of nitrogen and catecholamines were
measured in a respiratory chamber in 10 healthy men. On 3 separate
occasions, subjects were randomly assigned to one of the three treatments,
green tea extract, caffeine and placebo, which they ingested at breakfast,
lunch and dinner.
The treatment with green tea extract resulted in a significant increase in 24-
hour EE and a significant decrease in 24-hour RQ without any change in
urinary nitrogen relative to placebo. 24-hour urinary norepinephrine excretion
was higher during treatment with green tea extract than with the placebo.
Treatment with caffeine had no effect on EE and RQ, as well as on urinary
nitrogen or catecholamines.
This trial suggests that green tea has thermogenic properties and promotes
fat oxidation beyond that explained by its caffeine content per se. The green
tea extract may play a role in the control of body composition via sympathetic
activation of thermogenesis, fat oxidation, or both.

Ginger is highly valued as a spice especially with its warming properties. It
acts as an antioxidant and has antibAscorbic Acidacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-clotting,
anti-ulcer and pain-killing properties. Ginger helps to increase acid secretion
in the stomach, improve liver function, lower cholesterol, relieve spasms in the
gut, as well as having beneficial effects on the heart. It is used to help with
nausea and vomiting, to improve digestion and inflammatory conditions such
as arthritis.
In Netherlands, the metabolic effects of spices, teas and caffeine were
reviewed. The consumption of spiced foods or herbal drinks leads to greater
thermogenesis and in some cases to greater satiety. In this regard, ginger is
one of these functional ingredients that have the potential to produce
significant effects on metabolic targets such as satiety, thermogenesis, and fat
oxidation. The thermogenic ingredients may be considered as functional
agents that could help in preventing a positive energy balance and obesity.

Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) is a water-soluble vitamin that has a number of
biological functions. Acting as an antioxidant, one of vitamin C’s important
functions is to protect LDL cholesterol from oxidative damage. Vitamin C is
needed to make collagen, a protein that forms the basis of connective tissues
such as bones, teeth and cartilage and strengthens many parts of the body,
including muscles and blood vessels. It plays important roles in wound healing
and acts as a natural antihistamine. It also aids in the formation of liver bile,
and helps to fight viruses and to detoxify alcohol and other substances.
Vitamin C is essential for maintaining healthy immune and nervous systems.
Naylor G.J. carried out a double blind placebo controlled trial to investigate
the effect of ascorbic acid in obesity. A total of 41 severely obese subjects
participated in the study, but only 38 subjects completed the 6-week trial. 19
subjects received ascorbic acid daily, while 19 subjects received placebo.
There was a small weight loss during the trial in both groups. But the weight
loss was significantly greater in the ascorbic acid treated group compared to
the placebo group. Hence ascorbic acid may have a beneficial effect on
weight loss.

Carnitine is considered a "conditionally essential" nutrient as it is made in the
body from the amino acids, lysine and methionine, and is needed to release
energy from fat. It transports fatty acids into mitochondria, the powerhouses of
cells, where they are metabolised to release energy for body functions.
Carnitine thus increases the use of fat as an energy source.
An Italian, placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind, two-phase study was
aimed to evaluate the effects of supplementation of carnitine on body
composition, lipid profile and fatigue in elderly subjects with rapid muscle
fatigue. A total of eighty-four elCayenne,derly subjects with onset of fatigue following
slight physical activity were recruited to the study. Before the 30-day
treatment phase, subjects were randomly assigned to receive either carnitine
or placebo. Efficacy measures included changes in total fat mass, total
muscle mass, serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDLcholesterol,
apolipoprotein (apo)A1, and apoB levels. The Wessely and
Powell scale was used to evaluate physical and mental fatigue. The subjects
were assessed at the beginning and end of the study period.
At the end of the study, compared with placebo, the carnitine group showed
significant improvements in total fat mass, total muscle mass, total
cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides, apoA1, and apoB. Wessely and
Powell scores of physical and mental fatigue decreased significantly in carnitine group compared with the placebo group. It was concluded that
administration of carnitine to healthy elderly subjects resulted in a reduction of
total fat mass, an increase of total muscle mass, and appeared to exert a
favourable effect on fatigue and serum lipids.

Cayenne, sometimes referred as chilli or hot pepper, has been used as an
essential ingredient in cooking and as medicine for centuries. It is considered
helpful for various conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, including cramping
pains, stomachaches and gas. Cayenne ingestion has been found to have a
positive effect on the circulatory system, as well as the cholesterol level.
Two Canadian studies were conducted to investigate the effects of cayenne
on feeding behaviour and energy intake. In the first study, the effects of
dietary cayenne added to meals on subsequent energy and macronutrient
intakes were examined in thirteen Japanese female subjects. The subjects
who ate high-carbohydrate breakfasts and high-carbohydrate breakfasts with
cayenne significantly reduced the desire to eat and hunger after breakfast.
The addition of cayenne to the breakfast significantly decreased protein and
fat intakes at lunchtime.
In the second study, the effects of a cayenne appetizer on subsequent energy
and macronutrient intakes were examined in ten Caucasian male subjects.
After ingesting a standardized breakfast, the subjects took either a mixed diet
with appetizer or a mixed diet with cayenne appetizer at lunchtime. The
addition of cayenne to the appetizer significantly reduced the cumulative ad
libitum energy and carbohydrate intakes during the rest of the lunch and in the
snack served several hours later.
The results from these two studies indicate that the ingestion of cayenne
decreases appetite and subsequent protein and fat intakes in Japanese
females and energy intake in Caucasian males. These findings suggest that
cayenne may help to reduce appetite and energy intake.

5-HTP (5-Hydroxytrytophan) is naturally found in the seeds of Griffonia
simplicifolia, a West African medicinal plant. The human body manufactures
5-HTP from L-tryptophan, a natural amino acid found in most dietary proteins.
5-HTP is used by the human body to make serotonin, which is an important
neurotransmitter for normal nerve and brain function. Serotonin appears to
play significant roles in sleep, emotional moods, pain control, inflammation,
intestinal peristalsis and other body functions.
Previous observations have shown that oral administration 5-HTP causes
anorexia, decreased food intake, and weight loss in obese subjects. A doubleblinded
study was conducted to confirm these data over a longer period of
observation and to verify whether 5-HTP could improve adherence to dietary
restriction. A total of 20 obese patients were randomly assigned to receive
either 5-HTP or placebo for two consecutive 6-week periods. No diet was
prescribed during the first period, a 5040-kJ/d diet was recommended for the
Significant weight loss was observed in 5-HTP-treated patients during both
periods. A reduction in carbohydrate intake and a consistent presence of early
satiety were also found. These findings together with the good tolerance
observed suggest that 5-HTP may be safely used to treat obesity.

Piperine is a pungent alkaloid present in the black pepper. It has been used
shown to enhance the bioavailability of various structurally and therapeutically
diverse drugs or solutes. An Indian study was conducted to investigate the
permeability characteristics of piperine on oral absorption. The result suggests
that piperine is absorbed very fast across the intestinal barrier. It may act as
an apolar molecule and form apolar complex with drugs and solutes. It may
modulate membrane dynamics due to its easy partitioning thus helping in
efficient permeability across the barriers.
It is important to include piperine in the formulation of Body Shape as it aids
with the permeability across intestinal barriers of the herbs and nutrients in
Body Shape. This in turn enhances the bioavailability of these beneficial
In summary, Body Shape is a comprehensive formulation containing various
herbs and nutrients that are useful for weight management and control of fat
metabolism. It is particularly helpful for those who wish to suppress their
appetites and increase their energy levels. Body Shape is an ideal
supplement that supports a healthy lifestyle.

Avoid taking if pregnant or lactating. Seek professional health advice if taking
medication, suffering a medical condition (ie. eating disorder) or a child before
supplementing. This product contains caffeine, which may cause insomnia
and anxiety in some individuals.

Cangiano C., Ceci F., Cascino A., Del Ben M., Laviano A., Muscaritoli M., Antonucci
F., Rossi-Fanelli F., Eating behavior and adherence to dietary prescriptions in obese
adult subjects treated with 5-hydroxytryptophan. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Nov; 56 (5):
Dulloo A.G., Duret C., Rohrer D., Girardier L., Mensi N., Fathi M., Chantre P.,
Vandermander J., Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and
caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am J
Clin Nutr. 1999 Dec; 70 (6): 1040-5.
Dulloo A.G., Geissler C.A., Horton T., Collins A., Miller D.S., Normal caffeine
consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and
postobese human volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Jan; 49 (1): 44-50.
GNC Healthnotes:
Gougeon R., Harrigan K., Tremblay J.F., Hedrei P., Lamarche M., Morais J.A.,
Increase in the thermic effect of food in women by adrenergic amines extracted from
citrus aurantium. Obes Res. 2005 Jul; 13 (7): 1187-94.
Luo H., Kashiwagi A., Shibahara T., Yamada K., Decreased bodyweight without
rebound and regulated lipoprotein metabolism by gymnemate in genetic multifactor
syndrome animal. Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 May; 299 (1-2): 93-8.
Naylor G,J., Grant L., Smith C., A double blind placebo controlled trial of ascorbic
acid in obesity. Nutr Health. 1985; 4 (1): 25-8.
Pistone G., Marino A., Leotta C., Dell'Arte S., Finocchiaro G., Malaguarnera M.,
Levocarnitine administration in elderly subjects with rapid muscle fatigue: effect on
body composition, lipid profile and fatigue. Drugs Aging. 2003; 20 (10): 761-7.
Reavley N., The New Encyclopedia of Vitamins, Minerals, Supplements and Herbs,
Bookman Press, Melbourne, 1998.
Roongpisuthipong C., Kantawan R., Roongpisuthipong W., Reduction of adipose
tissue and body weight: effect of water soluble calcium hydroxycitrate in Garcinia
atroviridis on the short term treatment of obese women in Thailand. Asia Pac J Clin
Nutr. 2007; 16 (1): 25-9.
van Heerden F.R., Marthinus Horak R., Maharaj V.J., Vleggaar R., Senabe J.V.,
Gunning P.J., An appetite suppressant from Hoodia species. Phytochemistry. 2007
Oct; 68 (20): 2545-53.
Westerterp-Plantenga M., Diepvens K., Joosen A.M., Bérubé-Parent S., Tremblay A.,
Metabolic effects of spices, teas, and caffeine. Physiol Behav. 2006 Aug 30; 89 (1):
Yoshida T., Sakane N., Umekawa T., Kondo M., Relationship between basal
metabolic rate, thermogenic response to caffeine, and body weight loss following
combined low calorie and exercise treatment in obese women. Int J Obes Relat
Metab Disord. 1994 May; 18 (5): 345-50.
Yoshioka M., St-Pierre S., Drapeau V., Dionne I., Doucet E., Suzuki M., Tremblay A.,
Effects of red pepper on appetite and energy intake. Br J Nutr. 1999 Aug; 82 (2):


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